Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Holocaust And The Bosnian Genocide - 1784 Words

A genocide is a horrible kind of war. It is a mass killing and torturing of innocent people who do not deserve any of it. There are many stages of genocides, which may or may not go in the same order. The Holocaust, being the largest genocide and a horrible point in history, is similar and different to the Bosnian/Croatian genocide. Although many aspects lead up to these genocides and other similar wars, there are possible measures that could have been taken to prevent all of this. No human should have to endure the pain of a genocide, especially as horrible as the Holocaust, or Croatian/Bosnian war. The Holocaust and the Bosnian genocide both consisted of many stages that led to a variety of horrible events, both similar and different, which could have been prevented if certain actions were taken into consideration. Could anyone imagine a mass killing, or more accurately described, an extermination, of a group of people with the same race or nationality (Dictionary)? This is described as a genocide. Many tragic genocides have taken place in the world. During a genocide, a human is being taken control of, and being killed because he or she does not meet a certain criteria. It is arguably the worst occurrence mankind could partake in. Tim Walz, an American politician, once said, â€Å"You have to understand what caused genocide to happen. Or it will happen again† (â€Å"Tim Walz Quote†). This leads into the idea that there were stages of a genocide, and that it can not simply happenShow MoreRelatedThe Holocaust And The Bosnian Genocide1837 Words   |  8 Pagesterrifying events in earth’s history are the German Holocaust and the Bosnian genocide. Both are similar in the ways they horrified and innocently killed their victims. They massacred based on which religion you belie ved in. We all know that the Jews were victims to the Nazis, but not many know that Muslims were the unlucky recipient of the Bosnian genocide. Also, the techniques used to innocently kill the persecuted group are parallel. How these genocides occurred is very alike; this includes eachRead MoreThe Holocaust And The Bosnian Genocide1310 Words   |  6 PagesMerriam-Webster Dictionary defines the word â€Å"genocide† as â€Å"the killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group† (Merriam). But aren’t genocides much more then that? Over the past hundred years, there have been several attempted genocides around the world. Two of the most well-known genocides are the Holocaust (the Nazi’s attempt to destroy the Jewish people) and the Bosnian genocide (the Serbians attempt to destroy the Bosnian population). This paper analyzes a politicalRead MoreFascism to Genocide - 968 Words   |  4 Pagesstudents on the Holocaust (S trasser 26). During the Holocaust, the German dictator, Adolf Hitler, was lured in by the power that an autocratic society provides. He and his group, the Nazi Party, captured and executed millions of Jews in order to benefit Germany with ethnic cleansing. The Holocaust is one of the most infamous genocides in history. â€Å"Genocide† is defined as â€Å"the deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group† (â€Å"Genocide†). According toRead MoreThe Bosnian Genocide Was A Mass Killing1331 Words   |  6 PagesThe Bosnian genocide was a mass killing similar to the Holocaust that occurred in Bosnia Herzegovina shortly after the separation from the former state of Yugoslavia, disbanded in 1992 due to the Yugoslav Wars (The Breakup of Yugoslavia, 1990–1992 - 1989–1992 - Milestones - Office of the Historian.). Akin to most other genocides that have previously been recorded throughout history, the Bosnian genocide was caused by part of the population believing they had second-rate citizens in their land,Read MoreGenocide And The Holocaust772 Words   |  4 Pages Genocide is one of the most tragic events that can happen around the world. Identifying the stages is the most crucial part of stopping these horrible acts. The Bosnian Genocide and the Holocaust could have been prevented or stopped if the 8 stages were properly identified . There are 8 stages of genocide and the first stage is Classification. Classification is putting people into groups based on race, ethnicity, and religion. These groups usually are separated into the superior people and the inferiorRead MoreA Brief Look at the Bosnian Genocide Essay947 Words   |  4 Pages They occur and we neglect to notice the unearned inequity. Even though genocide is difficult encounter as actuality it is. The Bosnian genocide was a heartbreaking event that caused misery and loss of lives to 100,000 with 80,000 being of the Bosnian culture (Bosnia-Herzegovina). March 1, 1992-December 14, 1995 35 dreadful months for the Bosnians. If you think of all the terrifying things done to them they would sometimes rather be dead than alive. Could imagine being in so much agony you wouldRead MoreThe Bridge Over The Drina1139 Words   |  5 PagesThis quote references Bosnia, yet it does not reference the 1992 genocide. In fact, the author of this quote died decades before General Josep Tito, decades before the first rumblings of the fall Yugoslavia, and decades before the first atrocity was committed. In his book, Love Thy Neighbor, Peter Maass includes this quote from Nobel Prize winning Yugoslav author, Ivo Andrić’s novel, The Bridge over the Drina, to reveal how the seemingly peaceful multicultural arrangement between Muslims and ChristiansRead MoreThe Holocaust : A Greek Word That Means `` Sacrifice By Fire ``1404 Words   |  6 PagesThe Holocaust Holocaust is a Greek word that means â€Å"sacrifice by fire† and this was a theme which the Nazis used against the Jewish population after they came in power in January of 1933. Jews were not the only race that were targeted during this period. The Gypsies, the disabled, the Poles, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and also the Russians were also part of the different groups that were targeted by the Nazis when their reign began in 1933. The Jews endured the most impact of the HolocaustRead MoreGenocide during the Bosnian War1086 Words   |  5 PagesRaphael Lemkin described genocide as acts of barbarism that should be outlawed, even in times of war. Lemkin is right. Genocide is a cruel vicious act that I do not wish upon my greatest enemies. It is torture and death. A lot of people think genocide is a thing of the past. After all it is 2014 already. We are so much more advanced and connected then back during the time of the Holocaust. A genocide started just 22 years ago and it was during the Bosnian War. The Bosnian Genocide was atrocious becauseRead MoreGenocide Essay997 Words   |  4 Pages Unfortunately, genocide and mass killings happen in many places around the world and bring destruction to thousands of people. Genocide is the deliberate and systematic killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. Some genocides occur due to small, invading groups of people, or one dictator in power who dreams of a â€Å"pure† land to rule. Others occur because of a country’s own government and the people in it who wish to change the makeup of their country

Friday, December 20, 2019

Tragedy is mostly seen in characters pure and innocent....

Tragedy is mostly seen in characters pure and innocent. The deaths of those whom are innocent have a blindness to see the deceitfulness in others. Characters die who do not deserve their unfortunate fates. Desdemona is the heart of Iago’s plan and her loyalty to Othello eventually leads to her death bed. Emilia’s husband is the villain she hates, but giving him the one item he needs dooms everyone. Othello falls into Iago’s plan as soon as his fatal flaw of jealousy comes into play. In the tragic play Othello, by William Shakespeare, the innocent characters Desdemona, Emilia, and Othello are lead to their demise because they are manipulated into trusting Iago. Desdemona is loyal and caring, which blinds her from Iago’s manipulation.†¦show more content†¦Ultimately, Iago manipulates Othello and takes advantage of Desdemona’s sweet and pure essence to begin his plan. Coupled with Emilia’s obedience to Iago, his ploy can finally convinc e Othello of Desdemona’s unfaithfulness. Emilia does not agree with her husband, Iago very much, but she does obey him when she has the opportunity to do so. However, Emilia picks up Desdemona’s handkerchief, with no thought, only that it will please her husband, â€Å"what he will do with it /heaven knows, not I; /I nothing but please his fantasy,† (OTH.III.III.297-289). Subsequently, this handkerchief may not have much meaning to Emilia at this moment, but once she finally discovers the truth about her husband, she immediately accuses her husband of being a villain, and dies by his hands. Correspondingly, Emilia is also loyal to her husband, to such an extent as to lie to Desdemona about where her handkerchief has gone. As Desdemona worryingly searches for her handkerchief, Emilia denies knowing where she could have lost it, and suggests a different reason for Othello’s uneasiness, â€Å"I know no madam†¦ /Is he not jealous?† (OTH.III.IV.14, 20). Emilia knows where the handkerchief has gone, but remains silent because her husband, Iago has told her to. As a result of Emilia’s loyalty Iago does not need to worry about others discovering where Othello’s handkerchiefShow MoreRelatedThe Great Gatsby Analysis5626 Words   |  23 Pagesyoung man from Minnesota, moves to New York in the summer of 1922 to learn about the bond business. He rents a house in the West Egg district of Long Island, a wealthy but unfashionable area populated by the new rich, a group who have made their fortunes too recently to have established social connections and who are prone to garish displays of wealth. Nick’s next-door neighbor in West Egg is a mysterious man named Jay Gatsby, who lives in a gigantic Gothic mansion and throws extravagant parties everyRead MorePuritanism in the Scarlet Letter6423 Words   |  26 PagesPuritanism’s great impact on peoples life and thought. This thesis will give a picture of puritans ’ life and ideology through the analysis of the Puritan town Boston and some related characters, and introduce how the communities in the town are deeply influenced by Puritanism. Meanwhile, by analyzing the main character Hester, the thesis will present the harshness and the strict punishment in Puritan society. In Puritan communities, whoever commits a sin will be punished. The thesis also presents Hawthorne’sRead MorePuritanism in the Scarlet Letter6430 Words   |  26 PagesPuritanism’s great impact on peoples life and thought. This thesis will give a picture of puritans’ life and ideology through the analysis of the Puritan town Boston and some related characters, and introduce how the communities in the town are deeply influenced by Puritanism. Meanwhile, by analyzing the main character Hester, the thesis will present the harshness and the strict punishment in Puritan society. In Puritan communities, whoever commits a sin will be punished. The thes is also presents Hawthorne’sRead MoreWe Must Obey Our Elders17194 Words   |  69 Pages â€Å"O my Son, no one likes to Obey any Person that he or she does not Respect and Love; and therefore, it is Difficult for most People to Obey God: beCause they have not even Met him, let alone Learn whatever he Asks of them.† A Proverb of the Peacock â€Å"O my Daughter, if you do not Respect and even Love your Creator, it Means that I have Failed to Teach to you the Truth about him, in Order that you might get to Know him.† Another Proverb of the Peacock Copyright, Dedication, and Introduction Read MoreThe Disillusionment of American Dream in Great Gatsby and Tender Is the Night19485 Words   |  78 PagesFitzgerald’s two most important novels The Great Gatsby(2003) and Tender is the Night(2005) are analyzed. Both these two novels tell us the story of the pursuit and failure of the American dream of the young men in the twenties. Jay Gatsby is the central character of The Great Gatsby and Dick Diver is the counterpart of Tender Is the Night and both these two men fall in love with the beautiful and wealthy girls of the upper class and they want to get these girls to enter into the upper class by their effortsRead MoreKey Signature and Beethoven9252 Words   |  38 PagesHistorical background 1. Early years a. Beethoven born in Bonn b. Studied under Christian Gottlob Neefe (1748-98) c. 1787: brief visit to Vienna, may have played for Mozart d. 1790: Haydn hears Beethovens music and urges the archbishop of Cologne to send him to Vienna 2. StudiesRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words   |  102 PagesIn 1919, when Langston Hughes was seventeen years old, he spent the summer with his father, Jim Hughes, in Toluca, Mexico. Langston had not seen his father since he was a small child, and he was excited about making the trip. However, during this visit, no affectionate bond would develop between Langston and Jim. Jim Hughes was a cold, difficult man, who was driven by ambition to make money and achieve respect. He had moved to Mexico to avoid segregation and racial injustice in the United StatesRead MoreVampire Diaries61771 Words   |  248 Pagesdance. He was still staring at her, drinking her in. Those green eyes darkening, going black with desire. She had the sudden feeling that he might jerk her to him and kiss her hard, without ever saying a word. Would you like to dance? she said softly. Im playing with fire, with something I dont understand, she thought suddenly. And in t hat instant she realized that she was frightened. Her heart began to pound violently. It was as if those green eyes spoke to some part of her that was buried deepRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pages................................................................ 149 Suspending Belief........................................................................................................................... 150 Getting Solid Information about Whom to Vote For .................................................................... 151 Review of Major Points ..................................................................................................................... 157 Glossary ......Read MoreInternational Management67196 Words   |  269 PagesInternational Management Education iii This page intentionally left blank Preface C hanges in the global business environment continue unabated. The global financial crisis and economic recession have challenged some assumptions about globalization and economic integration, but they have also underscored the interconnected nature of global economies. Most countries and regions around the world are inextricably linked, yet profound differences in institutional and cultural environments persist

Thursday, December 12, 2019

The Evolution Of Democracy Essay Research Paper free essay sample

The Evolution Of Democracy Essay, Research Paper Claire Munger The Evolution of Democracy Democracy is more a Utopian aspiration instead than a concrete description of any authorities. A common apprehension of democracy, frequently applied to unworthy state of affairss, is merely that the multitudes will regulate themselves. This apprehension was articulated by an Athenian solon, Pericles, # 8220 ; Our Fundamental law is named a democracy, because it is in the custodies non of the few, but of the many # 8221 ; ( Cummings A ; Wise, 1971, p.20 ) . This thought of democracy was extended through all of the statements and testaments since its first acknowledgment in Greece. A realistic and come-at-able position of democracy has more to make with brotherhood than political relations. Once the realisation that societal issues can non be kept from authorities, so a full apprehension of the intent and executing of authorities will take topographic point. # 8220 ; A democratic society was one in which the mass of the people played an active function instead than a inactive func tion, and in which the old traditions of respect and subordination had been replaced by a sense of equality among the people # 8211 ; the feeling that one adult male, or even one individual, is every bit good as another, or at least has an equal right to be respected and listened to # 8221 ; ( Arblaster, 1994, p. We will write a custom essay sample on The Evolution Of Democracy Essay Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 42 ) Democracy was in its purest signifier during its early phase O f evolution in ancient Greece. Athens is a select example and â€Å"the most stable long-lived, and important culturally the most brilliant and creative of all the city-states†(Arblaster, 1994, p.14). Athens, however, did not believe all citizens to be equal. The inherent flaw within this original democracy is the exemption of citizenship to women and slaves. Only men who were born and lived in a city-state could be citizens. The idea of â€Å"self-governing†(Arblaster, 1994, p.14) was right in theory, but in actuality it was interpreted to exclude more than half of the population on basis of citizenship. Athens was a direct democracy. After much reformation all free men were allowed to participate in the assembly, a lawmaking body. These men participated in different positions through what is understood to be a lottery. â€Å"The essence of it was the direct personal participation of the citizen body in the government of the city†(Arblaster, 1994, p.17). Altho ugh popular sovereignty came forth in England in the 1640’s, it was evident in ancient Greece. The government was run by a perpetual governance of the people and never halted to delegate responsibility. The fact that Athenian government was not coordinated through representatives but through the people themselves was the key point to Athens’ uniqueness. This was in part because the population was so limited. Any later att

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Positive Accounting Theory Model of Human Behavior

Question: Describe about the Positive Accounting Theory for Model of Human Behavior. Answer: Introduction to the Article The article is an attempt by author Paul V Dunmore to highlight how the attempt by Watts and Zimmerman to stake a claim on Positive Accounting Theory is half an attempt. The paper in details considers the positive accounting approach in a broader sense. It helps in developing explanations of human behavior in the field of accounting. The field of positive accounting theory intends to predict the real world events and then equate them in the form of accounting transactions. The overall intention of this theory is to predict the policies which an organization should adapt considering the events the organization which it might face. The aim established by the critique here is to figure out in what other capacity positive accounting research can be used in other research field. Summary The term Positive accounting theory has been virtually undertaken by Watts and Zimmerman. They have written three different papers in this field under different years. However the author of the paper wants to highlight that concept of theory is much broader than what the three papers speaks of. Watts and Zimmerman has conceptualized that accounting policies are adopted by organizations in conjunction with the self-interest of the parties which get into such contracts. This can comprise not only the accounting decisions taken by the manager, but also the reporting methods and pricing strategies adopted by the auditors of the company. However difference or the limited range offered by Watts and Zimmerman has been criticized by the author of the paper (Zimmerman, 1989). As started earlier concept of theory is much broader than what than what the papers written by them talks about (Baboukardos, 2016). The human force which works in the field acts rationally and not only sort the methods as suggested under Positive Accounting Theory. The author highlights how, Fukuyamas model of human behavior stands correct in the field of accounting too. As per the model rational human beings take correct behavior oriented decisions around 80% of the time. The author of the paper stand corrected and states that the quantitative (80%) is not defensible. However the number is still strongly representative of the fact that human behavior is rational most of the times. Some of the things which the author of the article highlights using rational behavior approach are: Managers have effectively used discretion in performance appraisal of the people Employees have used different ways in presenting information so that all stakeholders can absorb it Managers also tend to stick to their decisions even if the accounting information system shows that there has been a mistake in the same These examples do not form a part of exhaustive list, however the positive research program is not limited by this approaches towards Positive Accounting Theory. The author also talks about relations of positive research theory and its implications on the hypothesis testing. Positive research generally limits the data that are supportive of the alternate hypothesis. In hypothesis testing, since the research is conducted by an individual who has his/her own biases. This is the reason with positive research approach there are chances that data related to alternate hypothesis is minimized. This is the reason when positive research approach are used one should suspect the result which has been established. In some kind of research where the problem keeps changing from one time frame to other, this fact does not matter. Since the results dont have any particular framework to deal with, the researcher will not be able to establish any bias using positive accounting approach. This is how th e author of the paper is critical on the positive research approach. However on the flip side author also highlights that the positive accounting approach contributes a lot to the overall scientific endeavor. The positive accounting research approach helps a lot in understanding the human behavior and how the whole theory settles across the paradigm of accounting. The author is critical of the inferential problems that occur due to positive accounting research and what is to be done to correct the anomaly. The positive accounting approach should itself be so positive that it identifies the gap which exist in the process and evolves over a period. The approach has not evolved and there has been no changes in way it was perceived once it came into the system. The author in this paper also tries to illustrate how the process can be more effective and that is where the title of the paper also justifies what it intends to say (Baboukardos, 2016). The paper also talks about what is the requirement of a successful research program. This is the final part of the paper which talks about all aspects of the research program and what are the possible ways to make it successful. The first demand that the author raise to fully utilize the positive research theory is the proper usage of theoretical models. One need to take a lot more out from the theoretical model and then use the Popperian approach in the positive accounting theory model. The researcher who does this must have a huge expectation of failure and then the same must be used to improve the whole area of study. The author of the paper also talks about how one should insure that proper mathematical testing is done for any such theoretical model. The second thing which the author suggest is the use of analytical modelling to test the final proof of concept. It is a well-known assumption that in the world of accounting, the people who build the model and the one who provides t he data to test the assumption are the same person. This is the reason why in case of analytical model people tend to be different and hence establishing the proof of concept is considered to be easier. The third point which the author wants to highlight is the fact that the focus should be on proper measurement and not on the testing only. If the data that comes out of the system is properly measured, the model can be verified meaningfully. This is the reason the stress should be on proper mode of measurement and not on testing only. The final point which the author talks about is that of replication. If there is any error in the final outcome, one should keep on replicating the inputs and again perform step 3 of proper measurement. If one keeps replicating they will be able to visualize how at times sampling error can lead to problems. Research Questions The Article raises few research questions. As per analysis the research questions raised in the article are: Can the positive accounting approach be applied to different fields? Is the positive accounting approach limited to the idea shared in three papers by Watts and Zimmerman? How different positive accounting approach is to the positive research approach? What are the advantages of using positive accounting approach in any particular corm of research? What is the limitations of the positive accounting approach when adopted in hypothesis based research? How can one efficiently improve upon the limitations of the positive accounting research when doing any hypothesis based research? Theoretical Framework The article draws a lot of information from the existing literature in the field. However the article does not limit itself on the literature, it creates a situation under which the alternate approach are also evaluated. Positive accounting research is a big research area and the author also tries to link it with the overall positive research theory. The paper creates a framework by first evaluating the existing literature and then highlighting his concerns. Once the concerns and the context of such concerns are established the author tries to highlight with example what can be a better approach in handling the whole field of positive research. In one case the author even explains how the positive accounting theory should evolve as physics and keeps changing every time a new fault is identified. Significance and Limitations of the Article The article is very significant as it shows that one should limit the positive accounting research approach just by what was written by Watts and Zimmerman. The articles tries to carry forward the approach in all the fields and justifies that the scope of the positive accounting theory should not be limited to one field (Baboukardos, 2016). The approach is very well built and due to rational behavior of human species the approach is applied across all form of research. The paper also highlights critical shortcomings of the whole system around which the positive accounting theory is designed. One cannot do hypothesis based research with a bias and then expect fare results from the same. The positive accounting approach bias can led to false outcome of the whole research process. The article is limited to the fact they dont discuss any critical approaches adopted historically on the positive accounting approach. It has been seen historically that teams have been very critical of the approach too and have adopted normative approach (Baboukardos, 2016). Too much of discretion on human behavior can also lead to chaos in the whole system. This is where the papers fails to evaluate the other approach and check the kind of findings the normative approach brings on the table. The whole paper would have been more complete in the sense if the normative approach and the supportive literature against it are also discussed objectively. Conclusion The article is well established and the presumption that Positive Accounting Theory can hold ground in more situations. However the applicants of the theory must be cautious when they are using it in carrying out an extensive kind of research. The author has thoroughly critiqued the theory of Positive accounting and its application areas. However the author has not compared the same with the Normative theory and that is one of the prime reason why paper fall shorts in achieving its objective. The author is critical of the inferential problems that occur due to positive accounting research and what is to be done to correct the anomaly. The positive accounting approach should itself be so positive that it identifies the gap which exist in the process and evolves over a period. The paper also talks about what is the requirement of a successful research program. This is the final part of the paper which talks about all aspects of the research program and what are the possible ways to mak e it successful. References Baboukardos, D., Rimmel, G. (2016). Positive Accounting Theory Ball, R. (2013). Accounting informs investors and earnings management is rife: Two questionable beliefs.Accounting Horizons,27(4), 847-853 Bonin, H. (2013).Generational accounting: theory and application. Springer Science Business Media Christensen, H. B., Nikolaev, V. V., Wittenberg?Moerman, R. (2016). Accounting information in financial contracting: The incomplete contract theory perspective.Journal of Accounting Research,54(2), 397-435 Glover, J. (2014). Have Academic Accountants and Financial Accounting Standard Setters Traded Places?.Accounting, Economics and Law Account. Econ. Law,4(1), 17-26 Watts, R. L., Zimmerman, J. L. (1986). Positive accounting theory Watts, R. L., Zimmerman, J. L. (1990). Positive accounting theory: a ten year perspective.Accounting review, 131-156