Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Advanced Space Exploration - Free Essay Example

Advanced space exploration with the actual launching of space shuttles, satellites, animals, and people beyond Earths atmosphere into outer space began when the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race following World War II. This competition between the two rival countries was instituted as a fight for power by seeing who could put the first space vehicle into orbit and land a man on the moon. During this time period between, 1957-1975, the Soviet Union was the first country to launch and orbit the artificial satellite Sputnik 1 into space in 1957, and later, the United States was the first country to land a man on the moon in 1969 (History of Space Exploration 3, 4). These initial space quests were a start to unraveling the mysteries of our universe. Although curiosity for the unknown, dark universe that surrounds planet Earth became heightened when the United States and the Soviet Union began developing space programs, it also led to an explosion of science-fiction genre. Peaked interest in space exploration during the 20th century required engineers and innovators to construct space transportation vehicles which could overcome gravity and be launched into outer space. They built powerful rockets and space shuttles to transport astronauts and satellites into space and lunar rovers for traversing the moons surface for exploration. The first United States rocket was Jupiter C which launched the first scientific satellite, Explorer 1, into orbit on January 31st, 1958 (Military Origins 1). Many different types of satellites were constructed for numerous purposes. Artificial satellites were used to study the Earth, planets, and remote regions of the Universe. Weather satellites assisted meteorologists in predicting the weather, climate, and for tracking major storms like hurricanes. Likewise, Communication satellites were used for transmitting television signals and mobile phone calls around the world. Global positioning satellites were used by th e military and civilians to help figure out exact locations on Earth. NASA has launched dozens of satellites into space, starting with the Explorer 1 satellite in 1958 to retrieve information to benefit mankind (Dunbar 2). In early science fiction novels, people claimed that they saw flying saucers or unidentified objects in the sky. Today, satellites have taken on the look of them. The rocket bears a close resemblance to Jules Vernes space gun used to transport people to the moon in the 1865 science fiction novel From Earth to the Moon (From the Earth to the Moon 2). A lunar rover was carefully constructed and used for traveling over the moons surface of rocks and craters. It allowed for exploration of large regions of the moon that could not have been conquered by foot. The rover came equipped with a television camera, a radio-communications system and telemetry†all of which can be used to send data and report observations to team members on Earth (Nguyen 2). Much of what was once only futuristic space talk by early science fiction writers became realized during and following the Space Age as innovators created space vehicles, advanced computer technologies, multipurpose satellites, and modern devices. Science and space exploration have caught up to science fiction in many ways, producing marvels beyond the imaginings of the visionary writers of the past. (Moskowitz 2) These speculative fiction authors published magazines, short stories, and novels that captured an audience of people interested in otherworldly types of travel to outer space destinations and use of ultramodern devices. The science fiction genre enabled society to dream about what their future might one day hold for them. It allowed people to envision their lives in a more interesting, exciting, and convenient light. Many fascinating science fiction discoveries portrayed in these early and later publications do exist today some of which include: instant messaging as seen o n a computer in the movie, Pretty in Pink (Galazka 1). Three dimensional printers now used for making various items such as tools, jewelry, and body parts can be compared to the replicator device seen in the Star Trek television show (2). The present day I-pad may have been first inspired by the Star Trek PADD and Google Glass modern ocular technology somewhat replicates Star Treks virtual display device which allowed the evil Dominion to see outside their ships with just a turn of the head (2 3). In addition, the Back to the Future hoverboard was created and became the hoverboard which is for sale today to consumers (14). Bradburys Fahrenheit 451s seashell radio, worn as thimble radios in the ears, became our present-day in-ear headphones (9). Clara Moskowitz stated, Yet there are staples of science fiction that current technology is still leagues away from attaining, and which some doubt can never be achieved (Moskowitz 2). Because people witnessed amazing scientific technologies and events come to life during the Space Age, they became believers that dreams could become reality. This set off an explosion of science books and movies that set the world on fire. Historically, science fiction literature began with the pulp era of the 1920s and 1930s. This included mostly pulp fiction magazines that contained alien invasions, rocket ships, colonization of the moon and planets, and flying saucers. This was followed by the Golden Age of science fiction from 1938 to 1946 when it gained popularity. Renowned classic science fiction writers of that time included Ray Bradbury who wrote the Martain Chronicles about the colonization of Mars by humans. The books published before the Space Race may have given rise to ideas for new technologies including space vehicles, satellites, and advanced computers. Next, many of the pulp magazines were discontinued as result of the real-life science stories became more po pular to read. Surprisingly, not long after the short period of decline in science fiction sales, its popularity rose to unbelievable proportions. Writers once again imagined even more remarkable space innovations, which led to several multimillion-dollar science fiction movies made to astonish audiences. Since the year 2000, science fictions popularity increased to even more astronomical levels. Audiences cam to love the special effects of science fiction movie thrillers that allowed new worlds and technologies to come to life.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Personal Narrative The Perfect Day - 1671 Words

â€Å"It was the perfect day. The sun was shining, the wind was light and I couldn t have been happier. How could I have not been happy. I had a great day of school with all my friends, my mom bought me lunch and I was just on my way to the comic book store. It was a 6 year old s dream. I was skipping down the sidewalk, holding my mom’s hand when I noticed a weird man in the alleyway. â€Å"Want some free comics?† he begrudgingly asked, and being the idiotic 6 year old I was, I let go of my mother’s hand and ran towards him. At the moment I entered the alley, everything turned dark, literally. As I was stunned by the sudden darkness, the man threw off his cloak and revealed his villainous suit. It was ‘Lights Out†. He was a crooked thief who†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"I am a freaking good looking 14 year old!† I stated to myself, hurrying out of the bathroom and straight to my bedroom to grab my school supplies. I shoved everything I needed in my bag, my computer, my Hero project and some of many comic books. Once I finished packing, I swiftly sprinted to the front door, hugged my mom and headed to school. I was on a steady pace towards school just like any other day, when suddenly someone jumps onto my back and starts screaming â€Å"DAMyen Evans, i’m here for your soul!†. â€Å"Oh No!† I wailed jokingly as my best friend Sam got off my back. â€Å"Ready for school?† he asked politely, and I replied with a simple ‘Meh’ as we walked in silence for the rest of the way. Suddenly, a crooked villain landed right in front of Sam and I, taking hold of Sam with his enormous hands. Stricken with fear, my legs and knees crumbled and I smashed into the ground. I didn’t know who the villain was or what his intentions were, but I saw that he had a superpower, the power to shrink and enlarge his hands at will. â€Å"Everyone listen up! Give me all your money or the kid get’s it!† demanded the villain. Sam had a single tear coming down his left eye, and in a very sudden burst of adrenaline, I charged over to do something, anything I could do to help. Furiously, I started bashing my fists against the villain’s hands, when he abruptly slaps me with other hand, and I closed my eyes. It felt as if an eternity had passedShow MoreRelatedWhat Should I Write About Your Personal Narrative Essay932 Words   |  4 Pagesbecomes necessary to type personal narratives, without so much as a hint of a topic, it can drive a student to some rather interesting conclusions. Some of these conclusions may be as simple as â€Å"Hmm, what should I write about?† Or perhaps more complicated and â€Å"Great, it’s 2:00 A.M. the day the paper is due and I have nothing typed.† No matter the situation the creative thinking process can be greatly limited, thus I present to you the narrative of me typing my personal narrative essay. It began ratherRead MoreGreat Performances Of Media Do Not Always Have On Involve Theatrical Acrobatics1147 Words   |  5 PagesGreat performances in media do not always have to involve theatrical acrobatics. An actor’s range or displays of genuine, emotional depth are necessary to build a character that is alive and multi-faceted. But, an actor’s ability to encapsulate a narrative within one’s own character is what is truly a display of an artist. Poetry has a phrase to describe the use of as few words as possible to encompass vast terrain of depth called the economy of language. Actors may not know it, but they operate onRead MoreThe Ruins : Syria Past And Present By Christian Sahner1275 Words   |  6 Pagesfact that for a brief period in time, the world considered Damascus and Syria one of the great political centers of the world. One of the strengths that Sahner utilizes is his preface and epilogue. He writes these with personal touch framing the narrative. Sahner provides perfect descriptions of what the book is not and attempts to separate itself from a depiction of â€Å"one more Middle Eastern conflict†. Additionally, he extensively makes use of first person description to establish credibility withRead MoreIllness Narrative Essay929 Words   |  4 PagesMy Illness Narrative Sharing and listening to the illness narratives in class is an experience that I do not think I could ever forget. Listening to people share their raw emotions and stories of struggle and illness was eye opening, My own illness narrative could be described as a quest narrative and more specifically an automythology. This is because as I stated in my presentation, I became a better person, adopted skills that helped me deal with my father’s illness, understood what it is likeRead MoreComparsion of Voltaire and Gronniosaw ´s Philosophy Essay1492 Words   |  6 Pagesvery different. Candide is a philosophical satirical novel that ingeniously shakes the misinterpretation of doctrinal optimism. Whilst A Narrative of the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw written by himself, (For the purpose of this essay, ‘A Narrative.’) is an autobiographical, and spiritual account of Gronniosaw’s Journey. This essay will look at the narrative techniques and the distinc tive features of the language used in both extracts. (Voltaire, Gronniosaw, A230, Assessment Guide, 2013)Read MoreThe World Of Reproductive Justice And Politics Essay1166 Words   |  5 Pagesfamilies, their town, or their society as a whole. Or they are forced to assimilate with color and ethnicity blindness as an example of the perfect adoptee/immigrant. Their choice to adopt from these foreign countries is centered by their various privileged identities while excluding the children themselves due to their disadvantages. Take for example the personal documentary, First Person Plural, by Deann Borshay, in which an adult Korean adoptee tells her life story through her adoptive family, fictionalizedRead MoreTravel and Culture1497 Words   |  6 Pagesmain motive for travel. As modern day tourism is growing to become the world’s fastest growing industry, it is also becoming the primary basis of relationship formation between cultures and nations. Tourism also affects the social, economic and political aspects of these different cultures and nations. This essay examines the advantages and disadvantages of tourism and the role it plays in relationships among cultures and nations. One major advantage of modern day tourism is the significant effectRead MorePersonality Can Be A Hard Concept To Pinpoint, Considering1315 Words   |  6 Pagesextravert. For me I believe my personal narrative has had a large impact on my personality and so I am going to start there. I believe that an individuals personal narrative can be one of the most telling signs of one’s true personality, or at least what got them to how they are today. Most of the theories and the personality tests are used to apply to the masses and they are then able to portion off smaller groups to certain personalities. With a personal narrative however, this really dives deepRead MoreCage Bird and How to Say Nothing in 500 Words768 Words   |  4 Pagescompare or justify anything to be superior to something else, you must have more than one thing to compare. When I start to review narrative and descriptive essays, I have to try to understand what separates the two. I chose to compare â€Å"Caged Bird†, by Maya Angelou as my Descriptive essay and â€Å"How to say nothing in 500 words†, by Paul McHenry Roberts as my narrative essay. To me these two essays set themselves apart from each other, not just because of the different styles of writers, but the meaningf ulRead MoreTrip Reflection949 Words   |  4 Pagespart of the entire trip. Once you have your agenda everything else falls into place. In my trip, I had two other partners helping prepare for this spontaneous trip. Each of us had a specific duty when creating a section of the trip presentation and narrative. While creating this presentation I learned a lot about myself and about my partners as well. I believe when reading this the instructor will know that our team put in all a great amount of effort and worked efficiently to finish the project. The

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Identifying the Components of Cognitivist Theories Used...

Lenora A. Mayne American Intercontinental University May 2013 EDU 622: Applying Learning Theories Identifying The Components of Cognitivist Theories used in, Kermit and The Keyboard. Abstract Cognitivism emphasizes on the explanation of cognitive structures and process, and the intervention of these structures and processes between instruction and learning (Glaserfeld, 1989). The study of cognitivism has allowed for educators, theorist and psychologist to understand the concepts of knowing, thinking and formulating feedback. In reviewing the sample texture, Kermit and the Keyboard, has allowed for philosophers and psychologist to review the interactional theories of learning process. Within this paper, will identify,†¦show more content†¦Philosophers and psychologist was able to determine three different cognitivist theories in relation to sample text to help capture the meaning of information processing using cognitivism. The three theories of cognitivist that was evaluated relates to the sample text Cognitive Information Processing (CIP), Piagets Theory and Perspective of Interactional Theories of Cognitive Development. The theories of cognitivist used within the text provided the essence of understanding and explaining Kermits learning in the story. The approach of using cognitive and knowledge development creates the mental process of attention, memory, producing and understanding the process of learning (Smith, 2002). The three different cognitivist theories, Cognitive Information Processing (CIP), Piagets Theory and Perspective of Interactional Theories of Cognitive Development helps capture the significants of cognitive and knowledge development in capturing the true meaning critical thinking. Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) develops the approach of problem solving and decision making. The concepts of cognitive information processing provides the content of effective decision making including being knowledgeable about the content of personal human values, interest, skills and preference (Peterson, 2008). Piagets theory develops the idea of formal operational stage of development. Piagets theory of cognitive

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Arabian Nights; Its Influence on Western Society free essay sample

The Arabian Nights; Its Influence on Western Society There is no one particularly known the writer for The Arabian Nights. The story has made itself appeared since anyone can ever remember. Historian said that The Arabian Nights is a collection of stories from whole lot different countries. It was stated that originally the stories came from India and Persia, however then the story was translated into Arabic language. Ever since then, Arabs culture and their own stories were added to make stories In the Nights become an enjoyable, beneficial and culturally based folktales. The Nights Is a large frame containing many other Interesting stones in It. The character, Shaherezad Is the narrator and also the character who told endless stories for her king husband. She pleases her husband by storytelling, told creative stories that kept her husband from doing more cruelty which Is to kill all of his wonderful wives after the first night. We will write a custom essay sample on The Arabian Nights; Its Influence on Western Society or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Shaherezad, being a wise and brave woman came out with this undoubtedly extremely dangerous and risky idea yet brilliant. She gained her husbands attention, keeping each story in contact and giving the king his benefit and present of doubt. The stories in the Nights are so well known not Just in the Arabian world, but also ffected the world of the European. This paper will research on how the Arabian Nights influenced other texts in the world such as novels by western authors, culture and/or movie. Also will be discussed in this paper are the reasons why Nights influenced works of other prominent writers. Historically, Nights as was mentioned in above paragraph, was originally collected from India and Persia. But since it was added with Arab local tales and culture, the Nights became Arab. There is no exact date when the Nights started. Part of the Nights has story about the Caliph of Harun. He was a well-known, successful aliphate of Baghdad. His stories of success and moderation as a leader lead people to continuously pass on his greatness. Hence it became part of the Arabian Nights story. Story such as Ali Baba and Aladdin dated on the fourteenth century came later after Caliph Harun.. Arabian Nights has been translated countless times into many languages. Among the earliest translator is Antoine Galland which translated the Nights Into European version. His works were taken from collection of the Nights found In the fourteenth and fifteenth century which could be found In Syria. Later on, more work of ranslations began to arise such as Richard Francis Burton works In 1885. HIS hard effort paid off since it release, It Immediately became known to the public for Its extravagant language and some of the critiques touched on the storyline of a few stories which seems made up by Burton himself. However, since Nights were passed down from culture and oral transmission, no one could actually argue on Burtons translation language or the story of his version. Arab once was a powerful and feared government. It has systematic governing style which contributed to their success in handling issues and conflict. Alongside capability. Islam and the Arab spread to many countries, though now have fallen, but were able to feast it wings proudly back then. When these countries were conquered, like other conquerors, they bring their tradition and religion with them. Spreading the belief, their culture and of course as part of their identity, they told stories from their folktales. Words spread, story being remembered, added details to make it more or less interesting thus lead to the mix culture of Nights we read today. From these Nights stories, translations that were made by people who are interested in it, Charlotte Bronte were swayed by the Nights awe-inspiring story. In many of her novels, Bronte repeatedly kept on referring to the Nights from the perspective of her characters . Jane Eyre, published on 16 October 1847 is about a young girl who had lost her parents, as so she thought, and living with her aunt. She was treated badly and being sent to a school far away from home. There, she learnt the hardship of life, losing friends through diseases that strike them and facing poverty and hunger throughout her entire time growing up there. Jane fortunately endured the hardship at the school and she was appointed as one of the teacher there. Her entire life, she never went travelling, seeing the vast world with her own eyes. Because Janes character was made as a girl who has no challenges from the outside world, Bronte made Jane escape her dull life through books. Books has become close companion to Jane, from her time living with her vicious aunt until the time she went to that poor wrecked boarding school to learn to transform herself from a little mischievous devil, as what she was referred to by her aunt, to a gracious lady which capable of doing what typical lady at that era were to do from sewing, cooking, washing, painting and all delicate behaviour. There were a few occurrences where Jane mentioned about the Nights. She uses the Nights as her escape place which means stories from the Nights gave her incredible amount of imagination on magical, unrealistic but tremendously overwhelming thoughts. It was her only way to imagine the world outside of the wall she lives in. her only way to connect through peoples adventure and making it as her own. One of the similarities that can be found from Jane Eyre and The Arabian Nights is both Jane and Sheherazade used narrative to gain power over someone, more specifically, a man. Sheherazade deceive his husband, the king, with halfway stories n order to stay alive while Jane told story of her unfortunate event to Mr Rochester to gain sympathy and trust.. A lot of Bronte works were actually influenced by the Arabian Nights. Llewellyn (2012) recorded what Heather Glen said about the Nights inclination in Brontes works, maturing conception of adult power dynamic and female child trying to understand her provisionality in world not of her control. Culturally, the Arabian Nights has also influence some part of the western society. In German for instance, during late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, here were massive translation on the Arabian Nights from different sources. These include the original Arabic source of the Nights, Burtons English Arabian nights and many more. They were distributed in a lot of ways in German at time particular time. Because technologies were started to be introduced, images and colour illustrated that would attract not only Juvenile but all sorts of readers since those types of publications were new at that time. Readers were also turned into spectators in the early 1920s when cinema started to operate in German. Stories, settings and arratives taken from The Arabian Nights were huge at that time as it has influenced the society . Sicily in Italy was also included in the culture that was inclined towards the influence of the Arabian Nights.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Minnesota Essays - MinneapolisSaint Paul, Minnesota, Minneapolis

Minnesota Hi! I'm Amanda. I chose to do my report on Minnesota because that's where I'm from. In fact, my whole family is from Minneapolis. I thought it would be interesting to know more about where I came from. So sit back, relax, and enjoy my report on Minnesota. Like all other states, Minnesota has many special qualities of its own. The Norway pine is the state tree. The loon is the state bird. The pink and white lady slipper is the lovely state flower. "Star of the North" is the state motto. Last but not least, the gopher is the state animal. They are all very interesting and unique to Minnesota. Minnesota is a weird name as many might think. That is because Indians made it up. In their language, minne means "water", and sotah means "sky-tinted". In that case, the nickname is "Land of Sky Blue Waters". There are over 4,757,757 people living in Minnesota. The four biggest cities are Minneapolis, St. Paul, Duluth, and Bloomington. Minneapolis is the biggest, but St. Paul is the capitol. Minnesota is surrounded by the states of Wisconsin, Iowa, South Dakota, and North Dakota and Canada. I've visited many of these states, and I can tell you that some of the nicest people live in Minnesota. In Minnesota, there are many interesting places to go. Some of the most popular are the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, the Mayo Clinic, Fort Snelling, the Glensheen Mansion, Ironworld USA, the Minnesota Zoo, Murphy's Landing, the Science Museum of Minnesota, Paul Bunyan Land, The Guthrie Theater, and one of the most popular of them all (especially me), the Mall of America. There are also many lakes, forests, state parks, and sporting events. I never knew there could be so many places to go in one state. Like many other states, Minnesota has its own ways of doing things. With natural resources of fertile soil, important minerals, and thick evergreen forests, the major industries are farming, mining, and the building of roads, office buildings and hotels. The crops farmers grow are corn, oats, wheat, potatoes, soybeans, peas, and many others. With all the big cities, I never knew there was so much farming in Minnesota. Minnesota's climate has four definite seasons. Temperatures average around 68 degrees F in July and 2 degrees F in January. Also, throughout the year, they get about 19 inches of rain and snow. It's a fun place to live if you like both summer and winter activities. There are many historical facts about Minnesota. Long ago glaciers covered most of the land that we now call Minnesota. Two famous French fur traders, Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medart Chouart were the first white men to set foot on this land. Before that, only Indians lived here. Another famous person, Sinclair Lewis (an American novelist) lived in Minnesota. Some other interesting facts about Minnesota are that it has the biggest mall in America (the Mall of America), and one of the most well known rivers in America (the Mississippi river) begins here. There are a lot of interesting things about Minnesota. When I chose to write about Minnesota, I just did it because that's where I was born. Until I did this report, I never knew how interesting one state could be. Now that I picked it, I feel I made a good choice. If I had to chose over again I wouldn't change my mind. After studying Minnesota, I'm very proud to say that's where I'm from.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Vietnamese Child Rearing essays

Vietnamese Child Rearing essays Some Aspects of Vietnamese Culture in Child Rearing Practices I decided to focus my last cross-cultural research project on child rearing practices of the Vietnamese people and how they differ from that of my own. Included in my work are noteable differences I have found through my reading, research, discussions, interviews, During my interview with a co-worker I was told about a proverb and that most Vietnamese parents are aware of: "à ng con h ½n nhia" (it is far better to have more children than goods). The number of children in a family is unlimited. The child rearing practices of the Vietnamese people differ from area to area (ie. North, Middle and South Vietnam), and amongst people with different educational levels and generation. Therefore, the following information I have presented should be used as a guide and based on the kind of behavior specified. Like most Americans, most of Vietnamese women living in the city have their child born in hospital, but in the villages or country towns however, an untrained midwife "Mà ¸ VÃâ€" ½n"- rural midwife, or even the mother or mother-in-law or female relatives can assist the women during their labor (Hassan et al., 1985). There were no routine check ups during women's pregnancy in rural areas. Check ups started in the late 1960's in the large cities or country towns since the establishment of hospitals and medical clinics. In cities women would see a doctor particularly when they have problems; women in rural areas rarely visit a doctor. Unlike America with its pregnancy how-to classes, exercise classes are unknown in Vietnam. Pregnant wo...

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

The irony of life is that it takes a life time to learn about life Essay

The irony of life is that it takes a life time to learn about life - Essay Example Consider the example of a businessperson who puts their business before everything else, they spend or their time working, ignore their family and probably end up in terrible health since they hardly ever made time to take care of their health. Like many wealth people with his characteristics, the richer he gets the more self-entered he becomes (Grewal 1). Thirty years down the line, the same individual, is contemplating his vast business empire from his deathbed with no one to visit him expect those interested in inheriting his wealth. His critical health and poor social relations result to his being alone in his last hours, and he realizes that, the most important thing in this life is not how much money you make, but how you use it to change your life and others for the better. A clichà ©, but nonetheless, a common moral lesson that has taken him a lifetime to learn, and when he finally gets it, he has no life left in which to practice it. Considering this analogy and many similar ones that can be drawn from life the irony of it all becomes clear, stuff takes a lifetime to learn, but that is all the time anyone

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Q and answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Q and answers - Essay Example These distinctive enzymes function in different ways. Answer: Insulin does not play a role in the uptake of glucose in the liver but it has other effects. It increases the synthesis of fatty acids, glycogen and protein synthesis. On the other hand it decreases gycogenolysis and the formation of ketone bodies by the liver. Answer: The digestion of lipids starts in the mouth where it is acted upon by lingual lipase. In the stomach the action of gastric lipase begins. These two lipases are not great contributors in the digestion of lipids and they act mainly on short to medium chain fatty acids which include the milk fats. Small intestine is the main site where lipid digestion takes place. This occurs with the help of pancreatic lipase, phospholipase A2 and cholesterol esterase. The bile salts also play a role in digestion by emulsification which is the breakdown of large fat droplets in to small ones so that the enzymes have a larger surface area to carry out their function. Answer: Transport of glucose in the small intestine is associated with sodium ions. The sodium ions and glucose share the same transporter and the transport of glucose occurs by cotransport with sodium and is referred to as secondary active transport. The concentration of the sodium in the intestinal cells is low. This causes the movement of sodium in the cells and hence the movement of glucose as it is transported with the sodium ions. The glucose is then moved across the interstitium into the capillaries whereas the sodium ions move into intercellular spaces. The provision of energy for this process is indirect by the active transport of sodium out of the cell. This is the reason why this transport of glucose is referred to as secondary active

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Nelson mandela Essay Example for Free

Nelson mandela Essay in India, discriminatory attitudes towards men and women have existed for generations and affect the lives of both genders. Although the constitution of India has granted men and women equal rights, gender disparity still remains. There are limited opportunities for women in sectors which traditionally demand for men to participate, such as armed forces. Although women also have mostly off-front job opportunities within the army. There is specific research on gender discrimination mostly in favour of men over women. Due to a lack of objective research on gender discrimination against men, it is perceived that it is only women who are suffering. The research often conducted is selectively sampled, where men are left out of the picture.[1] Women are perceived to be disadvantaged at work, and conclusions are drawn that their capabilities are often underestimated. Discrimination towards Women Infancy to childhood Both women and men are important for reproduction. Sex is very important between a male and a female to ensure continuity of human species on the earth. The cultural construct of Indian society which reinforces gender bias against men and women, with varying degrees and variable contexts against the opposite sex,[3] has led to the continuation of India’s strong preference for male children. Female infanticide, a sex-selective abortion, is adopted and strongly reflects the low status of Indian women. Census 2011 shows decline of girl population (as a percentage to total population) under the age of seven, with activists estimating that eight million female fetuses may have been aborted in the past decade.[4] The 2005 census shows infant mortality figures for females and males are 61 and 56, respectively, out of 1000 live births,[5] with females more likely to be aborted than males due to biased attitudes. A decline in the sex ratio was observed with India’s 2011 census reporting that it stands at 914 females against 1,000 males, dropping from 927 in 2001 the lowest since India’s independence.[6] The demand for sons among wealthy parents is being satisfied by the medical community through the provision of illegal service of fetal sex-determination and sex-selective abortion. The financial incentive for physicians to undertake this illegal activity seems to be far greater than the penalties associated with breaking the law.[7] Childhood to adulthood and education Education is not widely attained by Indian women. Although literacy rates are increasing, female literacy rate lags behind the male literacy rate. Literacy Rate Census of India 2001 and 2011 Comparison Literacy for females stands at 65.46%, compared to 82.14% for males.[8] An underlying factor for such low literacy rates are parents perceptions that education for girls are a waste of resources as their daughters would eventually live with their husbands families and they will not benefit directly from the education investment.[9] Adulthood and onwards Discrimination against women has contributed to gender wage differentials, with Indian women on average earning 64% of what their male counterparts earn for the same occupation and level of qualification.[10] Discrimination against women has led to their lack of autonomy and authority. Although equal rights are given to women, egality may not be well implemented. In practice, land and property rights are weakly enforced, with customary laws widely practised in rural areas. Women do not own property under their own names and usually do not have any inheritance rights to obtain a share of parental property.[1] D

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Evolution of Heroism: Comparing Qualities of Ancient Heroes Versus Mod

Heroes are prevalent in everyone’s life. Whether someone’s hero is a living person or a fabled character from a movie, everybody has come into contact with some sort of hero. In fact, the concept of heroes has existed for hundreds of years, dating all the way back to Ancient Greece. However, heroes have not always been people who dress up in costumes and fight crime, as our current society would lead us to believe. No, heroes started out differently and have evolved throughout the centuries. Heroes generally reflect the ideals of their society, and while they are not perfect, they demonstrate the qualities and traits valued by their society. Heroes have always possessed distinguishing qualities, but these traits and qualities have changed drastically over time. The Greek definition of a hero is far removed from the Romantic and modern definitions of heroes. Early heroes were characterized by extraordinary physical ability and incredible battle skills, whereas contempora ry heroes rely on intellectual ability and their rebellious nature. Specifically, the original Greek heroes had god-like physiques and were deadly and unstoppable warriors. One of the most prominent Greek heroes, Odysseus, demonstrates these qualities in Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey. Odysseus first displays his inhuman strength in the cave of Polyphemus, the Cyclops. His men prepare a large olive stake to thrust it into Polyphemus’ eye and Odysseus â€Å"drives his weight on [the olive stake] from above and bores it† (Homer, 223) in, an astounding feat of which only Odysseus is capable. Odysseus demonstrates his physical dominance again when he escapes the whirlpool Charybdis by â€Å"springing for the great fig tree† above and then escapes from Charybdis need I say/high... ...he example of each (smart for equality, fighting social boundaries for jane) but now that you say both do that (which is true for the most part) after â€Å"mentally brilliant† such as Equality and Jane, and fight their social boundaries as opposed to physical armies and foes. In Greek society, those who were fearless and muscular fighters were the ones that were honored and praised, comma needed but in modern society, people who are exceptionally bright and courageous can become honorable heroes. A perfect example of a modern hero is Barack Obama. Barack is extremely intelligent, as this is required of any president to run a country. He is the first African-American president, an act rebellious against the normal customs of American presidents. He cannot defeat an entire army of suitors by himself, but he has used his courage and intelligence to become a hero for many.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Health and Social Care Essay

Introduction Social policy refers to the issue of addressing the needs of the society by the state. It takes care of the welfare aspects of the people that are based on some strategies, ideologies, regulation and undertakings. This phenomenon has reached a global scale nowadays. Social policy has now a wider span and has expanded its horizon to enhance the welfare of the general people. Marshall (1950) devised the idea of social citizenship that paved the way to the welfare provisions. These rights were focused on the economic independence and a minimum standard of life for the citizen. Health is now considered something beyond the physical aspect. It has mental, psychological, social implications. Health and welfare are the result of some sophisticated relations of socio-economic issues and the sufficiency of amenities provided (Atkinson et al., 2001). The existing social and health care system was actually established in 1948 the formation of which started before the Second World War. It got a new dimension in the later part of the century where the community took the roles of the institutes and the control shifted to the private sectors. Though it has some loopholes during the course, it has gone through several significant changes. This study will discuss the important landmarks in the history of UK social policy and provisions along with a critical evaluation and the recent achievements in this regard. It will also focus on the factors behind the formation of the policies and their impact on the service users. Task 1 – historical and CONTEMPORARY LANDMARKS in social welfare provision 1.1 historical and CONTEMPORARY LANDMARKS in social policy Prior to and during the Second World War The Poor law was the sole social care facility that was provided prior to the Second World War which basically focused on the senior citizen and the incapacitated. It made it mandatory for each community to give benefit in the form of less charge for the deprived class. This law was later renamed into Public Assistance which was the result of Local Government Act, 1929. Subsequently, the facilities were open for everyone irrespective of disability and were applicable for people who did not have the money to pay for health care. (Pat Thane, 2009) The Disabled Person’s Employment Act, 1944 made it mandatory for the companies to give jobs to people included in Disabled Persons Register which should be minimum three percent of their employment. (Barnes, 1991) The National Association for Mental Health was later established in 1946 which had a movement for improved facility for the mentally disabled patients. National Health Service and the National Assistance Board The Poor law was terminated with the introduction of the National Assistance (NA) Act in 1946 which came into practice two years later. National Assistance Board (NAB) came into existence with the advent of this particular act. National Health Service took the hospitals under them which also came into being in the same year as NAB. NAB was later substituted by the Supplementary Benefits which merged with the Department of Health and Social Security in the year 1968. (Burt et al., 2003) After the Second World War The Mental Health Act came into being in 1959 that targeted to give the mentally disabled people a space in the society. It was the contribution of The National Assistance Act 1948, amended in 1962 that gave incentive to the native authorities to facilitate the senior citizen and people with disability with food, pastime facilities and to chalk out a decade long plan to enable them to stay in their respective residents for a period according to their will. (Pat Thane, 2009) In1968, Health Services and Public Health Act took the services to the senior citizens the and the people with disability to another level by offering extensive services like washing,  stewards, recreation and help in their home. (Bauld et al., 2005) In order to facilitate a social service division in every community, the Local Authority Social Services Act came into being in 1970. This was aimed at establishing a system where there is a collaborative and wide ranging arrangement for the entire social care system that will address the issues of people and give assistance to them who are in need of them. This division was given the duty of domestic aid, housing, food and entertainment facilities. The native authorities were made bound to make a catalogue of the incapacitated people and the services were to be exposed to the common mass. Invalidity Benefit came into existence in 1971which was later modified three years later which had the provision for Invalid Care Allowance In order to provide assistance to the people who wants to take the service of the local provider or a provider of their own choice of healthcare instead of the hospitals, District Health Authorities were given the authority in 1983 to give more finance to those people. In order to take care of the issue of make advancements in the service of the senior citizens and the people with disability, a series of papers addressed these issues to facilitate an improved service to the public. (Pat Thane, 2009) In an attempt to give more effort to the service to the people with disability, Disabled Persons Representation Act, 1986 was introduced so that they are taken into consideration more than before during the policy formulation. It gave the local bodies the duty to evaluate the requirement of the people with disability in terms of the social service and take care of these needs and let them know about the offers and facilities the local bodies are going to provide. (Daunt, 1992) In 1996, the Community Care Act was implemented to facilitate the people in need of social service with the und so that they can pay for the services. There are several another acts that were introduced to enhance the social care to the UK people; they are the following: Carers (Recognition and Services) Act, 1995 Mental Health (Patients in the Community) Act, 1995 Disability Discrimination Act, 1995 Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 Special Educational Needs and Disability Act, 200 Private Hire Vehicle Act, 2002 Disability Discrimination Act (amended) 2005 Disability Equality Duty (DED), 2006 Welfare Reform Act 2007 1.2 factors influencing the development of policy & legislations The provisions regarding healthcare and welfare are mainly designed to provide the people with the economic assurance in case of any illness, disease, aging or lack of financial crisis due to the lack of a job. There are several types of allowance which is provided when a person is ill or out of job which are backed up by the insurance arrangements of the state. In the period after Second World War the state was more e focused on giving jobs to everyone. It was supported by the free education system and academic allowances. The prime attention of that period was basically the fund to the domestic arena, healthcare all around the country and obviously jobs to everyone. The employers and the government word collaboratively in this regard. task 2 – origins of social policies 2.1 PROCESS in key Health and Social Policy legalization The act is often preceded by a bill. The health related bills are presented in front of the parliament. Health and social policies are basically the activities and steps taken by the state to achieve a certain result in the national health scenario. The entire arrangement and structure of the health sector is deeply influenced by the act and legislation. These procure of formulating the policies may vary in nature. The place for the policy formulation and structure along with the attributes of the strategy has implication in the development of these acts. The whole procedure of policy formulation and implementation needs to be apprehended properly so that it  become convenient to make use of the resources and bring significant modifications in the healthcare provisions. These processes have number of stages. It starts with the design of the policy. In tis frost stage, lots of insights and information regarding the need of the service receivers are received. It takes into consideration the intention and the expected results are determined and according to them the appropriate steps are taken to make sure the required inputs are arranged. Secondly, the designed policy is practically applied by speeding the policy. It takes active measures to execute the policy. The final stage includes assessment and adjustment where the policies are scrutinized and modified according to the need of the situation. 2.2 INFLUENTIAL factors behind a parliamentary act Health and social welfare related issues are fundamentally influence by the people themselves. But the policy and parliamentary act are also affected by the assessment and the understanding and decision of the people concerned with the policy formation. There is also the consideration of the limitation of resources. In addition, the thinking process and the principals have a role to play. These policy makers have their own set of view and philosophies that are influenced by their allegiance to their respective parties (Ungerson, 1997). There are various modes of accomplishing the policies which can be customary or contemporary. There is also pressure from the activists and communities. Unexpected situations and likelihoods of events also play a role in the policy making process in the health care and social policy which may result in a very unscrupulous decisions and polices. (Spanswick, 2003) 2.3 the impact of the Act on service users The health and social care acts have positive effect throughout the UK history. These acts have helped to give people access to their fundamental right of health care, specially the older generation and the disabled people. (Foster et al., 2001) It has given the UK healthcare and welfare a solid structure. Health acre and social care had been two isolated entities, courtesy of the acts. But tis disintegration created a problem of lack of coordination. This disintegration was done in terms of the strategies and control of the bodies but they have been integrated to better serve the people. 2.4 POLITICAL leaders’ contriburion on policies Political leaders have vital contribution in helping the country recover from the adversities and downturn in the economy that resulted from the havoc of the Second World War. They help made the legislations to bring major changes in the social policies that had a foundation that predates the war. These politicians help pass the Health Act 2009 that aimed to take the National health Service to an advanced level to provide better facilities and service to the common mass.. In 2008 they passed Health and Social Care Act that had a vital contribution in revolutionizing and incorporating health and social care. The 2006 Health Act came up with the regulation that prevented public smoking and set the age restriction for smokers that was applicable to the seller of tobacco products. It also took care of the management of the medication and observation of transactions with pharmaceutical goods. (Hochschild, 1995) 2.5 improving the CARE WITH the on-going policy changes The policies that are concerned with the people’s welfare are always vulnerable to adjustments and amendments. Any vital change requires a lot deliberation and it has the risk of producing debate. The Medicare Program, introduced in 1965, has seen much modification since its inception which has helped the public to have access to better services. Further elective packages have been introduced by the authority to add to the convenience of people. (Alber, 1995) Task 3 – impact of social policies on users of health and social care services 3.1: contemporary policy developments and implementation The healthcare authorities and the social care bodies make sure everyone is treated with equality regarding the services. The strategy and regulation is designed in such a way that ensures service receivers get the service  maintaining their freedom and self-esteem. The state does its best to offer the widest range of services. They disseminate information to the public about the heath related issues and they also inform about the nourishing ingredients of a meal. Through the various programs, people are encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle and children are imparted education. About the health related issues. There are many joint venture sin the health and social care sector they provide employment along with the measures to improve the social care sector and take care of issues like health discriminations, infant health and adolescence health, health of senior citizens and so on. (Mason and Smith, 2005) 3.2 Measuring the impact of policy initiatives on service users There are lots of evaluation methods that are being followed by the USA government to ensure the effectiveness and the efficiency of providing services to the service users. Evidence based policy making is one of the major force for the best quality policy appraisal in the U.K. This policy making systems require policy maker and implement authority of all of these policy to utilize and use the information from different source including evaluation of the past rules and policy, statistics data, academic report and researches, economics rules and theories, national statistics, consultation with expert or agents etc. even the public expenditure, expending and the taxation also take part in this process. The UK Government has already undertaken, and also they are presently undertaking some random proscribed trials of policy steps. 3.3 the impact of a specific policy At 1999, The NSF or The National Service Framework for the mental health published. It is it is the central element for the working age adults regarding the policy of government. Beside this, this is plan or program for ten years improvement of the metal health care in UK. This NSF also described how this policy, system and the improvement will happen and the evidence relating this also given in NSF (CSIP/NIMHE, 2007). Though NSF is focusing on the decreasing of the smoke rate among people but it is not a  comprehensive or massive activity of improving health care like general health acre. Eight different pilot studies on the subject of improvement of the physical health care have been studied by the public health committee of the English strategy. (Beecham, 2005) 3.4 policies in improving the quality of life Policies can play a virtual role in the improvement of the service user’s quality of the life. Participating interest group like patient organization is very effective in this regard. The focus was later concentrated in the cut down of taxes, the reduction of interference by the government and the reduction in the government expenditure in 1975. But it had to take some portion out of the welfare budget. Currently, the state is more focused on providing people with employment rather than providing them with abundant allowances and benefits. There have been many regulation and law which are introduced to address the issues of labor, healthcare and social care nowadays. (Gulliford and Morgan, 2003) Task 4 – Recent developments in health and social care policy 4.1 recent development in health and social care policy It deals with many different things like voluntary sectors in welfare, the role or the part of religion etc. Also it deals with free worldwide secondary education and many more. Indigence is one of the primary causes of sickness. The poor and broken law authority started to evaluate hospitals for the sick people. Health and social care policy deals with the rules and the policies, system regarding people welfare state. Most of the average report founded on three assumptions which is health services, family allowance and full employment. Beside all of these things current period achievement is the pensions, insurance, tax credits, supplement to the family income etc. All of these this is the implement of current era of time. It also deals with the health and social care initiatives, social and labor inclusions, important legislation initiative, and rights etc. The announcement done by the Peter Lilley will help get the harmony to the benefit system. These mainly decrease the dependenc y of the benefit by helping the person or people in their work. (Judge, and Bauld, 2006) 4.2 the  differences in formation and adaption At this 29th century the social and the health care system policies initiative reached the rural and far areas of the United Kingdom. The main goal of this initiative of the health and social care is to provide the health and social care services to the society for the wellbeing of the society without considering the financial condition of the people. The main goal of this initiative is to provide state edification, pension and the universal health care to the citizen of the country. Similar to Japan the heath care of USA is being dominated and maintained and controlled by the different kind of insurance scheme=where state do not play any part. Social and health care is a contract between the individual citizen and the government in Scotland. But it’s straight forward in English policy where government ensures the commitment to give better health and social service rather than improving the policy itself. So it is more effective for the citizen of the country. This is a genera l contract between the service user or the citizen and the government service providers. Conclsuion The main focus of the healthcare and social care has been the equality of access recently. All the acts and polices are aimed at proving people with the most fundamental services and making sure that no one gets deprived (Exworthy et al.,2003). The undertaking of the major policy matters has been done in collaboration and various bodies across the state and government have put a lot of effort to take the healthcare and social care to a new dimension. Reference Alber, J. (1995). ‘A Framework for the Comparative Study of Social Service’s’, Journal of European Social Policy 5 (2): 131–49. Atkinson, M. et al. (2001) Systematic review of ethnicity and health service access for London. University of Warwick: Warwick. Bauld, L. et al. (2005) Promoting social change: the experience of health action zones in England. Journal of Social Policy 34 (3):427-445. Barnes, C. (1991) Disabled People in Britain and Discrimination: A Case for Anti-Discrimination Legislation, Hurst and Co in association with the British Council of Organizations of Disabled People, London. Beecham, J. (2005) Access to mental health supports in England: crisis resolution teams and day services. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 28: 574-587. Burt, J. et al. (2003) The relationship between use of NHS Direct and deprivation in southeast London: an ecological analysis. Journal of Public Health Medicine 25 (2):174-176. CSIP/NIMHE (2007) Mental Health: New Ways of Working for Everyone. Progress Report 280692, Department of Health: London. Daunt, P. (1992) Meeting Disability: A European Perspective, Cassell Education, London. Exworthy, M. et al. (2003) Tackling health inequalities in the United Kingdom: the progress and pitfalls of policy. Health Services Research 38(6, pt 2): 1905-1921. Foster, J. et al. (2001) A qualitative study of older people’s views of out-of-hours services. British Journal of General Practice 51 (470): 719-723. Gulliford, M. and Morgan, M. (2003) Access to Health Care. Routledge: London. Hochschild, A. R. (1995). ‘The Culture of Politics: Traditional, Post-modern, Coldmodern, and Warm-modern Ideals of Care’, Social Politics 2 (3): 331–45. Judge, K. and Bauld, L. (2006) Learning from policy failure? Health action zones in England. European Journal of Public Health 16 (4):341-3. Marshall, T. H. (1950) Citizenship and Social Class. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. Mason, A. and Smith, P.C. (2005) Description of the Benefit Basket, England. Report prepared for the HealthBASKET project, funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Research Programme Spanswick, M. (2003) Access to health care: vulnerable groups in society. In: Public Health and Society, Ungerson, C. (ed.) (1997), ‘Social Politics and the Commodification of Care’, Social Politics 4 (3): 362–82 Thane P.(2009). History and Policy. MEMORANDUM SUBMITTED TO THE HOUSE OF COMMONS’ HEALTH COMMITTEE INQUIRY: SOCIAL CARE. 67 (1): 140-145

Sunday, January 5, 2020

History And Geography Of Mexico - 851 Words

â€Å"Culture is defined as a learned meaning system that consists of patterns of traditions, beliefs, values, meanings, and symbols that are passed on from one generation to the next and are shared to varying degrees by interacting members of a community, (â€Å"Understanding Intercultural Communication,† Chung, Ting-Toomey, 16). And because of this history and geography play an important role in determining why we do, feel, and believe the things we do, and because of this, it impacts the culture that is developed overtime. And when we look at Mexico and the culture it holds, we see this to be true. Mexico is located in North America bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States, (â€Å"Mexico†). It also borders the North Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and the United States, as well, (â€Å"Mexico†). Which makes the national territory more 750,000 square miles, (â€Å"Culture of Mexico†). It makes Mexico slightly less than three times the size of Texas. (â€Å"Mexico†). Due to its large size it has a wide range of environments. These include: high rugged mountains, low coastal plains along with high plateaus and desserts can be found in Mexico, (â€Å"Mexico†). Which leads to natural hazards of tsunamis along the pacific coast, volcanoes and earthquakes in the Central South, and hurricanes occurring along the Pacific Gulf of Mexico and its Caribbean coastal line, (â€Å"Mexico†). Also because of Mexico’s location and size many natural resources can be found, such as:Show MoreRelatedMexic o : Physical Geography : Mexico1556 Words   |  7 PagesMexico Physical Geography: Mexico is a famous country which is located in the southern part of North America. I went to Cancun in spring 2012. It was an amazing trip. I really enjoyed the nature there. Most of Mexico s land is covered by mountains, with only about a third of the land being flat. 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